Applicable Recovery Period for Real Property
The new law keeps the general recovery periods of 39 years for nonresidential real property and 27.5 years for residential rental property. But the new law changes the alternative depreciation system recovery period for residential rental property from 40 years to 30 years. Qualified leasehold improvement property, qualified restaurant property and qualified retail improvement property are no longer separately defined and no longer have a 15-year recovery period under the new law.
These changes affect property placed in service after Dec. 31, 2017.
Under the new law, a real property trade or business electing out of the interest deduction limit must use the alternative depreciation system to depreciate any of its nonresidential real property, residential rental property, and qualified improvement property. This change applies to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 2017.